Makowski resigned in disgrace Friday and Adams pleaded guilty to three misdemeanors for their roles in trying to clear her in a drunken-driving case.
District Attorney Frank Sedita calls it a "pathetic episode."
Actually, it has all the makings of a 'Law & Order' "Ripped From the Headlines" episode.
On Friday, Adams pleaded guilty to misdemeanor drunken driving, offering a false instrument for filing and attempted tampering with physical evidence linked to her Sept. 2 drunken driving arrest in the Town of Hamburg.
Adams' plea to attempted tampering stems from her actions in securing her own blood sample on Sept. 3 -- the day after her DWI arrest -- and getting her physician to lie about when he drew the blood so she could fool authorities into believing she was not drunk the previous evening.
Had Adams just pleaded guilty to a DWI charge last September, she wouldn't be in the mess she's in today.
Sure, she probably would have lost her shot at becoming a judge -- she was eying an open seat on the State Supreme Court late last summer -- had she pleaded to the drunken-driving charge as entitled under the law.
"A DWI would have screwed that up," Sedita said of her judicial ambition.
But at least she would have kept her law license.
Now, keeping her law license seems unlikely, Sedita said.
And she may lose her University at Buffalo Law School job, too.
As for Makowski, if he hadn't submitted a false affidavit on her behalf, he would have five more years on the bench, making $136,700 a year.
Instead, his forced resignation takes effect March 5.
Sedita didn't file charges against the judge, in return for his recanting the false affidavit, cooperating with prosecutors and resigning his judgeship.
Some might question letting the judge walk away without any criminal charges.
WASHINGTON -- The anonymous sources say one thing: that pilot error may well have been the reason behind the tragic crash of Continental Connection Flight 3407.
But pilots, aviation lawyers and others point back to the early suspect in the crash: icing.
And while they don't know what the investigators know, those independent sources point to an eerily similar 1994 plane crash in Indiana and 11 other incidents or accidents in the past 15 years involving turboprop planes equipped with pneumatic icing boots.
Some experts say that such planes should not be flown in cold weather, given their track record, but the airline industry and the FAA insist there's nothing wrong with them.
But what about those 12 accidents or incidents in 15 years? What do they leave you thinking?
The bizarre Westboro Baptist Church has led an anti-gay crusade for years in Topeka, frustrating locals who have been disgusted by the litigious group's ideas and tactics but powerless to stop them.
Church members have increasingly gone outside the state, and on occasion, the country, to picket at funerals of soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as President Obama's grandmother, former President Clinton's mother and others.
Now they're coming Sunday to picket at two memorial services for Flight 3407, one in Clarence Center and the other in Buffalo.
How do you think the community should respond to them? Ignore them and deny the attention they want, or meet them head-on with a large protest?
WASHINGTON -- A year from now, or maybe more, we will finally know what doomed Continental Connection Flight 3407. That's when the National Transportation Safety Board will release its final report, prompting a front-page story in The Buffalo News and a little blurb everywhere else.
Now, though, papers big and small are focusing on possible pilot error as the cause of the tragic accident, which claimed 50 lives.
Asked if the pilot had been operating the autopilot in the improper mode, NTSB spokesman Keith Holloway said: "We haven't definitely determined that yet. But that discussion has come up."
Meanwhile, other sources with knowledge of the investigation said there's a focus on whether the pilot, Capt. Marvin Renslow, mishandled the controls once he left the autopilot mode, thereby dooming the plane to crash.
But there's one important additional thing to remember.
"They said that we're looking at the pilot's actions and it's one of many things we're looking at," said NTSB spokesman Terry Williams. "We're still in the very early stages of this investigation."
It could have meant the flight was doomed. For proof, witness the warning that the National Transportation Safety Board issued to pilots last December about flying in icy conditions.
"Using the autopilot can hide changes in the handling qualities of the airplane that may be a precursor to premature stall or loss of control," the safety board said. "Turn off or limit the use of the autopilot in order to better "feel' changes in the handling qualities of the airplane."
Then again, the use of autopilot on Flight 3407 could mean nothing. After all, the Federal Aviation Administration's warning on the issue is a lot less dire than the one the safety board issued.
"Pilots should follow approved guidance for use of the autopilot," the FAA said. "If not closely monitored, the autopilot may mask dangerous airspeed losses. When ice is accumulating on the airplane the autopilot should be disconnected at least once every five minutes."
So, on this issue -- and many others -- the safety board and the FAA disagree. What's a pilot supposed to think?
But the National Transportation and Safety Board considered both Renslow and Shaw as experienced. Before Renslow trained on the Bombadier Dash 8, he had thousands of hours on the smaller Saab two-engine turbo-prop.
"The training is good enough, strict enough and covers enough to make sure you are ready to do what you have to do when you are in that seat," said the NTSB's Steven Chealander.
But there may be another factor -- a procedural problem when it came to de-icing. Renslow and Shaw turned on the airplane's de-icing equipment 11 minutes after the plane departed Newark Liberty International Airport. But then what? Icing eventually built up anyway.
Kirk Koenig, a partner at Expert Aviation Consulting in Indianapolis, Ind., who has 25 years of commercial experience, suspects that when icing made the autopilot kick off just before the crash, the crew made a correction, but it was the wrong correction, at a point when there was very little time to react.
Says Koenig: "That low to the ground, in this situation, I don't think it would have mattered if you had Chuck Yeager and Neil Armstrong flying the plane. I think the outcome would have been the same."
For 15 years, the NTSB has wanted the FAA to tell pilots to disengage the autopilot during icing conditions, to give them a feel for the effect of ice on their aircraft. The FAA has yet to do so. Is this the wake-up call for the FAA?
WASHINGTON -- Jim Hall seems to be suffering a sickly sense of deja vu these days.
He was head of the National Transportation Safety Board back in the 1990s, when two turboprop commuter planes dropped from the sky and killed everyone aboard, just like what happened to Continental Connection Flight 3407 in Clarence the other night.
At the time, the safety board railed time and again about the dangers of flying turboprop planes in icy conditions, and about the Federal Aviation Administration's alleged lack of interest in trying to fix those dangers.
And now, Hall is railing again -- and saying the crash of Flight 3407 could have been prevented.
"What made this crash more than tragic was that it was foreseeable and likely preventable if not for the preference of profit over safety in some of the aviation industry and for the lax oversight of the Federal Aviation Administration in its failure to adequately address known safety risks related to icing," Hall said.
What's more, the two airlines that flew those planes that crashed in icy weather back in the 1990s stopped flying turboprops in the wintry North after that.
So, given what Hall says and what those airlines did, would you feel comfortable stepping onto a turboprop plane anytime between now and April 15?
Update, 9:02 p.m. -- We're signing off for the evening after 38 updates. Thanks to everyone for reading. BuffaloNews.com has had a record day, with some 855,000 visits and some 1.9 million page views. This blog received about 80,000 page views and more than 105 reader comments. Too bad it had to be under such tragic circumstances.
Keep checking BuffaloNews.com for continuing updates, and don't forget to pick up a print edition, starting with Saturday's wall to wall coverage, including a 10-page special section.
Update, 8:35 p.m. -- WLS-TV News reports that the crash of Flight 3470 is similar to a flight en route to Chicago that crashed in 1994. Includes a video report.
Update, 8:29 p.m.-- Newsday has this profile of 9-11 widow Beverly Eckert, who died in the crash.
Eckert, of Stamford, Conn., was among the 50 killed when Continental Connection Flight 3407 out of Newark crashed into a house. She was traveling to Buffalo to present a scholarship that she set up after her husband, Sean Rooney, died in the 2001 attacks.
"She continued to participate in the life of our school community" after her husband's death, school president John Knight said. "She did everything she could to take this tragic event of Sean's passing and have something positive come of it," Knight said. "She loved Canisius High School, and we loved her."
Update, 8:15 p.m. -- Saturday's Buffalo News will feature extensive coverage, including a 10-page special section, on the crash of Continental Flight 3407.
Here's the line-up of some of our major stories:
Icing problems plagued the doomed plane, federal investigators find.
Federal Aviation Administration recommendations on de-icing planes were not followed.
Victims, many of them , ranged from musicians and business executives to college students and human rights activists.
Volunteer fire departments and other first responders handle the most-dire situation of their careers.
Grieving families and friends struggle to cope with the unthinkable.
The type of aircraft that crashed is a popular model with a good safety record.
Two young Irish dancing champions and their chaperons who were booked for the flight en route back from Killarney caught an earlier plane.
Columnist Donn Esmonde writes about the unfathomable grief encompassing a community that, with one unnatural disaster, suffered the loss of so many of its own.
The News also will profile those victims who have been identified, with other profiles to follow in ensuing days as information becomes available.
Update, 6:55 p.m. -- Two would-be passengers on Flight 6038 have bad weather and long lines to thank for being alive.
"It could have been me," David Becony said in an interview from his home in Springville, New York, as he watched television reports on the crash and its fiery aftermath. "My wife would have been with all those families" who had loved ones on the plane.
When he found out the plane he was to have taken had crashed, he called his wife, Marti, at their home outside Buffalo. "He broke down and I broke down," she said. "We just couldn't believe it."
Update, 6:36 p.m. -- As social-networking has grown in popularity in recent years, it’s no surprise that thousands of people have turned to Facebook to express their shock and grief over the crash of Flight 3407. A number of groups related to the crash have popped up on the site today. Most visitors to the groups have left messages of condolence, often because they have a personal connection to the tragedy.
Googling “facebook” and “flight 3407” brings up one of the groups. You must be a Facebook member to join the group or leave a comment, but even non-members can read the messages left on the “wall” of the group. Facebook members can search for flight 3407 on the site and find numerous examples.
A thanks to reporter Steve Watson for his updates throughout the day on Facebook, Twitter, etc.
Update, 6:15 p.m.-- Mark Sommer had about the most unenviable assignment of any reporter on the staff today, trying to speak to relatives of the victims. As Mark relates, it's unpleasant work, but necessary to provide readers with a full picture of the tragedy.
Here is his account of his day on the job:
I found myself at the Cheektowaga Senior Citizen Center Friday morning. An editor had sent me there to interview the family and friends of people who died in Flight 3407.
Interviewing people under such circumstances is never a pleasant assignment. I'm well aware of the need to respect people's privacy, and try hard not to come across as pushy or insensitive.
I have also found there are people who are grateful for the chance to share their story with the media and through us, the public at large.
When I approached the senior center, it was clear the Erie County Sheriff's Department and Cheektowaga Police Department would not let the media through. I took my chances, however, by walking a less direct route, and managed to make it to the entrance. Although I wasn't going to be allowed in, I spoke with a clergy member who had been inside comforting people, and he shared a moving account of what it was like inside.
"Walking in there was like being in the valley of suffering," said Rev. Angel L. Gauthier, of Prince of Peace Christian Church in Buffalo. "I was sharing a thought with a family member who lost a grandson and he couldn't stop weeping. All I did was hug him and cry with him."
I then went to a nearby location where Gov. David Paterson was to hold a news conference. While waiting, I decided to return to the parking lot to see if there was anyone to talk to, but on the way saw an unguarded back entrance to the senior center, and walked in. I found it was unguarded for a good reason … everyone who had been there had just been bused to an Amherst hotel.
After asking a lot of political aides, I learned where that hotel was at the conclusion of the governor's news conference, and drove out there. The police had cordoned off the entrance here, too, so I parked in another area and walked across some marshy ground to enter the hotel.
I saw families and friends of those who died huddled quietly in small groups in a hospitality room, and saw many Continental employees in that room and a hallway who were mourning the loss of their colleagues who were among the 50 people who died.
Shortly after asking a couple if they would want to be interviewed, a Continental crew member asked for my identification. When I said I worked for The Buffalo News, he gave me a shove and told me to leave. He followed me to the door with another crew member, saying "What you're doing is sickening."
I'm aware that because of the sleazy, sensationalistic reporting that seems to be the lifeblood of cable television and the tabloids, it's easy to tar all of us who report with the same brush.
I knew what he was projecting on to me wasn't how I approached my job, but it wasn't the time or place to argue with him.
Update, 5:43 p.m. -- The events of the past 24 hours demonstrate how readers are increasingly turning to the Web for major breaking news.
As of this writing, more than 760,000 users have come to BuffaloNews.com, almost all looking for information about the crash. That's a one-day record for the site.
In a normal weekday, BuffaloNews.com can expect about 110,000 to 125,000 visits.
Almost half a million readers came to our lead story; well over 100,000 were trying to find the names of victims. We've had almost 1.7 million page views thus far for the day.
Thousands of people with roots in Western New York were among those checking in, with many of them offering their thoughts and prayers on the Web site. More than 30,000 took time to visit this blog for information on the crash, and to post comments, generating some 70,000 page views.
Update, 5:27 p.m.-- More on what we're planning for Saturday's paper, and how we're going about it, via Charity Vogel:
"I will be looking at the "who" of the plane crash … giving an overview of the group of passengers who happened to be on board Flight No. 3407 Thursday night, from the obscure to the famous, the humble to the well-known. We're hoping to give readers a real picture of the variety of souls on board the plane in the moments before it crashed … and examine the great loss that their deaths represent, to families across Western New York and the nation.
"I'm using a number of tools to assemble this story: first-hand interviews with victims' families; feeds from a number of reporters working both inside and outside the News building; and compilation lists of the victims being culled by our staff from sources as varied as newspapers, websites, statements by family members and officials, and more."
Update, 5:15 p.m. -- Assorted reports, including this one from MSNBC, say the plane crew reported ice buildup on the aircraft before the crash.
The crew of Continental Connection Flight 3407 discussed a "significant" buildup of ice on the windshield and wings shortly before the commuter plane plunged out of the night sky and nose-dived into a suburban Buffalo house, federal investigators said Friday.
Update, 5:05 p.m.-- Clive Irving, senior consulting editor at Conde Nast Traveler who specializes in aviation, offers this take for The Daily Beast on what might have gone wrong with Flight 3407.
What urgently needs to be looked at is whether the basic configuration of all turboprop commuter planes, and particularly their flying characteristics in ice-making weather, leaves them unusually exposed to ice build-up on the wings and control surfaces.
Update, 5:00 p.m. -- The New York Times has a profile on Alison Des Forges, one of the crash victims. Des Forges, a Buffalo resident, was a giant in the human rights field.
Reported The Times:
Dr. Des Forges spent four years interviewing organizers and victims of the Rwandan genocide, in which she estimated that at least 500,000 people died. She testified before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, based in Arusha, Tanzania, and at trials in Belgium, Switzerland, the Netherlands and Canada. She also appeared on expert panels convened by the United Nations and what is now the African Union, as well as the French and Belgian legislatures and the United States Congress.
The MacArthur Foundation recognized her work with a $375,000 “genius” grant in 1999. Her book “Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda,” published that year, has been called a definitive account of the genocide.
“Her death is a devastating blow,” Kenneth Roth, the president of Human Rights Watch, wrote in an e-mail message Friday to the organization’s board of directors. “She epitomized the human rights activist — principled, dispassionate, committed to the truth and to using that truth to protect ordinary people.”
Update: 4:51 p.m. -- The crash in Clarence is the 10th in the United States since 1995 to involve fatalities. Here's a list of the nine others.
President Obama said his thoughts and prayers are with the families and friends who lost loved ones in the crash, and with the emergency workers who responded to the disaster. "Tragic events such as these remind us of the fragility of life and the value of every single day," he said.
Update, 4:42 p.m.-- Here's the Google News search results for stories on the crash. Hit the "refresh" button when you use the link to get the latest updates.
Update, 4:30 p.m. -- The crash is big news worldwide. including the homepage of the Guardian out of Great Britain, arguably the globe's best newspaper Web site.
Update: 4:18 p.m. -- Miles O'Brien, who spent 17 years as CNN’s science, space, technology and environment correspondent, has posted a detailed blog post with his take on what might have gone wrong with the flight.
You have to wonder if Continental 3407 was flying on autopilot - carrying enough ice on its wings that its normal approach speed was simply too slow for it to stay in the air. So when it slowed down, it simply dropped out of the sky.
The post includes some interesting reader comments.
Update: 4:04 p.m.-- Here's some more insight into how The News is covering the crash, this from Mary Pasciak, a member of our investigative reporting team who is adept at computer-assisted reporting techniques:
"We've been tapping into a number of databases today to gather information about the victims of the crash. For local victims, one of our primary sources is what we call "Uniquery," an in-house collection of databases that the News uses to background people … everything from voter registration information and property records to public payrolls and campaign finance records.
"We also use a paid online database, Accurint. This sometimes gives us information such where a person worked, and who their neighbors and relatives were. We've also been able to find cell phone numbers for friends and relatives who we otherwise wouldn't have been able to track down.
"Other information sources also have proven helpful. We used a national database of pilots, for instance, to get information about the flight crew. We've searched electronic archives of newspapers across the country to compile information about a number of the victims.
"Social networking sites like Facebook and MySpace have plugged in some holes, too."
Update: 2:59 p.m. -- This file from Jerry Zremski of our Washington bureau:
The House of Representatives this afternoon held a moment of silence to honor the victims of Flight 3407.
Lawmakers who were gathered to pass President Barack Obama's fiscal stimulus bill stood in silence for about a minute at about 2:30.
While the congressman who represents the site of the crash -- Rep. Chris Lee, R-Clarence -- traveled to the scene of the accident, his two Buffalo-area colleagues took to the floor of the House just before the moment of silence to mark the tragedy.
"I know that the whole House joins .‚.‚. in offering our deepest condolences to the loved ones of those killed in this tragic event, and to offer a tremendous gratitude to the firefighters, emergency personnel and the other first responders who bravely worked through the night and are still working today to deal with this accident," said Rep. Brian Higgins, D-Buffalo.
"We suffered a terrible blow in Western New York. My heart breaks for usptate New York," said Rep. Louise M. Slaughter, D-Fairport. "The first responders and all the citizens of Western New York have rushed to help, and all the officials in Washington and all the local officials will do all we can to ease the pain."
Update, 2:39 p.m. -- Twitter users in Buffalo and elsewhere have relied on the service to post regular updates in the minutes and hours since the crash of Flight 3407.
The micro-blogging site has been a very good source of information on the crash, with links to news articles, photos and video. Most updates on the crash are tagged with the term "#clarenceplanecrash" to make it easier to follow the conversation.
Update, 2:04 p.m. -- We've updated our lead story, Among the developments: investigators have located the plane's two flight recorders.
Update, 1:33 p.m. -- News Editor Margaret Sullivan talks about the paper's ongoing work to cover the crash:
"We are putting all our newsroom muscle into this major story, with the majority of our 180-member news staff working on it. Some staffers were up all night -- reporters, editors and photographers among them -- and are still here or on the scene this afternoon. We have sports staffers, arts critics and business reporters working outside their usual areas of expertise to lend a hand. It's a case of all hands on deck.
"In addition to updating our Web site continuously, we are producing a 10-page special section for Saturday's paper, documenting the tragic loss of life. That section will replace our usual Life & Arts section.
"The coverage includes video, blogs, photo galleries, profiles of the victims and an in-depth look at what happened to that ill-fated flight from its delayed takeoff in Newark to its horrible landing in Clarence.
"Our news staff has been directed to take an assertive approach to gathering the news while simultaneously being respectful of privacy and sensitive to the tragedy. It's a difficult balance. I'm very proud of our journalists and how they are rising to this challenge."
Update, 1:25 p.m.-- Several Buffalo Sabres lived in the neighborhood where the plane crashed and experienced its aftermath.
"I heard the plane coming," said defenseman Teppo Numminen, pictured at left in 2007. "I was in my bed and I heard it and thought it sounded really weird, really close to us. Then I heard a little poof afterwards and I was thinking, "That doesn't sound good, doesn't sound right.' So I looked out of my window and I saw the red sky and I knew something was wrong."
Added defenseman Jaroslav Spacek: "I heard the fire trucks and ambulances coming and I remembered that it was pretty bad weather when I was driving home for dinner."
Coach Lindy Ruff, who lives about two miles from crash scene, had this to say:
"It's an incredibly sad day for our city and we've talked about it that this is going to reach and touch a lot of people. You've got to get through it. It's an area where a lot of us live. Everybody is going to know somebody that's touched by this. It's a tough day for Buffalo."
Update: 1:05 p.m. -- There are a number of video clips of the crash aftermath posted here at YouTube. Some are from citizens, some from news organizations.
Update: 12:50 p.m. -- We'll be updating the list of victims as their names are released at this link. Eleven names have been released, including Alison DeForges, historian and human rights activist who documented the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
Update, 12:38 p.m. --The Rev. Angel L. Gauthier, of Prince of Peace Christian Church in Buffalo, was inside the Cheektowaga Senior Citizens Center, where he found what appeared to be more than 100 family and friends of people who perished in the plane crash.
"Walking in there was like being in the valley of suffering," said Gauthier, who is also a chaplain with the Buffalo police and fire departments. "I was sharing a thought with a family member who lost a grandson and he couldn't stop weeping. All I did was hug him and cry with him."
"I tell you," Gauthier said, "It's going to be a day of mourning for all of us in Western New York, and all over the nation."
Update, 12:27 p.m. -- The plane's flight path, as tracked by radar, can be viewed here.
Update, 12:14 p.m. -- We'll be posting updates, links and other information throughout the day on the Clarence plane crash last night that has claimed at least 49 lives. Keep checking in throughout the day.
Jim Heaney, a News reporter who blogs at Outrages & Insights, will be handling the duties until further notice. You can e-mail him at [email protected] with links and tips to other useful resources.
Initial report -- Fifty people died when a Continental Express airplane crashed into a house in Clarence Center shortly after 10 p.m. Thursday, setting off a huge fire that could be seen miles away.
The dead included 44 passengers, four crew members and a person on the ground.
A nurse at Erie County Medical Center said the hospital's second shift had been told to stay late to treat survivors but was sent home before midnight.
"There were no souls to bring in and treat," she said.
Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority spokesman C. Douglas Hartmayer said there was little communication between the plane, Flight 3407, and the tower before the crash. Crew members aboard the flight from Newark Airport had reported mechanical problems as they approached Buffalo.
The plane reportedly was a Bombardier Q400, a twin-engine turboprop with a passenger capacity of about 74.
"I was told by the tower the plane simply dropped off the radar screen," Hartmayer said.
Initial reports said the crash site was 6050 Long St., not far from the Clarence Center Fire Hall on Clarence Center Road. Police said one man was in the residence at the time of the crash.
About 12 other nearby homes were evacuated. Several of them sustained fire damage.
You, the American taxpayer, will invest $790 billion in undoing what Wall Street and the nation's bankers have done. You will invest $790 billion in government spending and tax cuts aimed at stimulating an economy that's as lifeless as a rock.
Congressional negotiators agreed to the deal on Wednesday. The legislation will inject cash into strapped state and local budgets, cut taxes for most Americans and dramatically increase construction nationwide.
The deal is aimed at saving or creating 3.5 million jobs.
Albert R. Jex, 23, a Lockport native, was killed Monday by a suicide car bomber in Mosul, Iraq. The Army private first class, a member of the 1st Cavalry Division, was among five people - four soldiers and an Iraqi interpreter - killed by the blast.
Jex had been living in Phoenix before joining the Army two years ago. Most of his family continues to live in the Lockport area, including his parents.
He is the 37th person with ties to Western New York to die in the Iraq or Afghanistan war zones since Sept. 11, 2001.
"He loved hunting and fishing, and his GTO," his father, Nelson, told The Buffalo News. "He used to drag race that thing near Fort Hood. It was a 130 mile per hour machine, a real cruiser."
Jex was a carpenter by trade but an Army man at heart. He'd wanted to join the service since he was 16 years old.
We offer this post an opportunity for readers to post remembrances, comments or condolences to the family.